Mobile Communication

Wireless communication is the transfer of information between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor.

The most common wireless technologies use radio. With radio waves distances can be short, such as a few meters for television or as far as thousands or even millions of kilometers for deep-space radio communications. It encompasses various types of fixed, mobile, and portable applications, including two-way radioscellular telephonespersonal digital assistants (PDAs), and wireless networking. Other examples of applications of radio wireless technology include GPS units, garage door openers, wireless computer mice, keyboards and headsetsheadphonesradio receiverssatellite televisionbroadcast television and cordless telephones.

Applications of wireless technology

  • Global Positioning System(GPS): allows drivers of cars and trucks, captains of boats and ships, and pilots of aircraft to ascertain their location anywhere on earth.
  • Cordless computer peripherals: the cordless mouse is a common example; wireless headphones, keyboards, and printers can also be linked to a computer via wireless using technology such asWireless USB or Bluetooth

Wireless data communications

Wireless data communications are an essential component of mobile computing.[12] The various available technologies differ in local availability, coverage range and performance,[13][14] and in some circumstances, users must be able to employ multiple connection types and switch between them. To simplify the experience for the user,connection manager software can be used,[15][16] or a mobile VPN deployed to handle the multiple connections as a secure, single virtual network.[17] Supporting technologies include:

Wi-Fi is a wireless local area network that enables portable computing devices to connect easily to the Internet.[18] Standardized as IEEE 802.11 a,b,g,n, Wi-Fi approaches speeds of some types of wired Ethernet. Wi-Fi has become the de facto standard for access in private homes, within offices, and at public hotspots.[19] Some businesses charge customers a monthly fee for service, while others have begun offering it for free in an effort to increase the sales of their goods.[20]

Cellular data service offers coverage within a range of 10-15 miles from the nearest cell site.[13] Speeds have increased as technologies have evolved, from earlier technologies such as GSMCDMA and GPRS, to 3G networks such as W-CDMAEDGE or CDMA2000.[21][22]

Mobile Satellite Communications may be used where other wireless connections are unavailable, such as in largely rural areas[23] or remote locations.[13] Satellite communications are especially important for transportationaviationmaritime and military use.[24]

Wireless Sensor Networks are responsible for sensing noise, interference, and activity in data collection networks. This allows us to detect relevant quantities, monitor and collect data, formulate meaningful user displays, and to perform decision-making functions[25]